The Army National Guard (ARNG) is one component of The Army (which consists of the Active Army, the Army National Guard and the Army Reserve.) The Army National Guard is composed primarily of traditional Guardsmen -- civilians who serve their country, state and community on a part-time basis (usually one weekend each month and two weeks during the summer.) Each state, most territories and the District of Columbia has its own National Guard, as provided for by the Constitution of the United States.

The National Guard has a unique dual mission that consists of both Federal and State roles. For state missions, the governor, through the state Adjutant General, commands Guard forces. The governor can call the National Guard into action during local or statewide emergencies, such as storms, fires, earthquakes or civil disturbances.

In addition, the President of the United States can activate the National Guard for participation in federal missions. Examples of federal activations include Guard units deployed to Kosovo and the Sinai for stabilization operations, and units deployed to the Middle East and other locations in the war on terrorism. When federalized, Guard units are commanded by the Combatant Commander of the theatre in which they are operating.
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Army/Air National Guard personnel are federally funded, Federal Command & Control, Ordered to active duty, either voluntarily or under appropriate circumstances (i.e. mobilization)
Personnel are federally funded but under state control (Governor is Commander in Chief of his respective state's guard troops) Typically perform training for their federal mission If you look at last year's hurricane response, Guardsmen from most states responded to the impacted areas under title 32.
Units or selected individual members of the National Guard are ordered to duty by the Governor or Executive Order Assistance is to state & local governments personnel performing state active duty are state funded & under state command & control under state law, the governor may order National Guard personnel to perform state active duty to respond to emergencies, civil disturbances, and other reasons authorized by state law (i.e. tornados, floods, local emergencies)
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